- (fl. 1st cent BCE)Palestinian scholar. He and Shemaiah constituted the fourth of the zugot in Palestine. He served as av bet din of the Sanhedrin.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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AVTALYON — (late first century B.C.E.), colleague of shemaiah . Together Shemaiah and Avtalyon constitute the fourth of the zugot ( pairs ), receiving the tradition from judah b. tabbai and Simeon b. Shetaḥ . Shemaiah was nasi and Avtalyon av bet din. Like… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MODENA, AVTALYON — (da; 1529–1611), Italian scholar, and son of Mordecai (Angelo da) Modena, the eminent physician. After studying in Padua, Avtalyon settled in Ferrara, where he became noted as a talmudist and scholar; azariah dei rossi mentions him with deference … Encyclopedia of Judaism
CONSIGLI(O), AVTALYON (Ottavio) BEN SOLOMON — (c. 1540–1616), rabbi and financier of Rovigo, northern Italy. Consiglio studied under Samuel Judah Katzenellenbogen at Padua. To demonstrate his profound respect for his teacher, he commissioned an artist to paint his portrait and this was hung… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SHEMAIAH — (late first century B.C.E.), the colleague of avtalyon (see zugot ). In talmudic sources they are usually mentioned together. They are described as having taught in the same bet midrash (Yoma 35b), cooperating in an exemplary fashion. Like… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HILLEL — (the Elder; end of first century B.C.E. and beginning of first century C.E.), considered one of the fathers of the world (Eduy. 1:4; Tosef. Eduy. 1:3) who laid the foundations for the spiritual and intellectual movement of the tannaitic period.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Sh'maya (Mishnah) — Sh maya (Hebrew: שמעיה, or Shemaiah, Samaias or Sameas) was a rabbinic sage in the early pre Mishnaic era who lived at the same time as Avtalyon. They are known as one of the zuggot ( couples ): Sh maya and Avtalyon . Both Sh maya and Avtalyon… … Wikipedia
EDIRNE — (Adrianople), town in Turkey located in eastern Thrace near the Turkish Greek Bulgarian frontier. According to the 2000 census, the city s population was recorded as 119,316. The city was named after the Roman emperor, Hadrian (125 C.E.).… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MINHAG — (Heb. מִנְהָג; custom, usage ) from the verb to lead. DEFINITION The word is found in the Bible (II Kings 9:2) meaning the driving (of a chariot) but it was taken by the rabbis to refer to usage. As such, it is used in a wide variety of senses.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ZUGOT — (Heb. זוּגוֹת; pairs ; sing. זוּג; zug), name given to the pairs of sages responsible for maintaining the chain of the Oral Law from antigonus of sokho , the pupil of Simeon the Just, to johanan b. zakkai . In the sources they are represented as… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
List of converts to Judaism — This article endeavours to list some notable people who have converted, or are believed to have converted, to Judaism. Their notability is based either on outside endeavors for otherwise famous people, or on circumstances which would make their… … Wikipedia